Hyperthyroidism is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland. In contrast, gynecomastia is the development of enlarged breast tissue in males. These conditions may seem unrelated at first glance. However, they may share a deeper connection. This warrants prompt medical attention, especially for those seeking resolution.

At Redefine Clinic, Dr. Harikiran Chekuri, a distinguished plastic surgeon in Hyderabad, recognizes the intricate interplay between hyperthyroidism and gynecomastia. He conducts thorough evaluations to determine the best, customized treatment options. These may include medications for hyperthyroidism or surgical procedures for gynecomastia.

In this blog, we will explore the correlation between gynecomastia hyperthyroidism and discuss common concerns and treatment options.

Hyperthyroidism and Gynecomastia- What is the link?

Gynecomastia and hyperthyroidism are linked to hormonal imbalances. When your thyroid is overactive, it produces excess thyroid hormones. This imbalance can disrupt the levels of other hormones, particularly estrogen and testosterone.

Excess thyroid hormones increase the production of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). This hormone binds more testosterone than estrogen, reducing the amount of free testosterone. This relative increase in estrogen levels can lead to gynecomastia, the development of breast tissue in men.

If you notice breast enlargement and suspect hyperthyroidism, consult a specialist. Managing your thyroid condition can reduce its impact on the body and improve your quality of life.


Don’t let gynecomastia affect your self-esteem. Reach out for support and guidance.

Curious about the prevalence? Hereโ€™s what you need to know.

How Common is Gynecomastia Caused by Hyperthyroidism?

Gynecomastia caused by hyperthyroidism is relatively common. If you’re dealing with hyperthyroidism and gynecomastia, youโ€™re not alone. Studies suggest about 40% of men with hyperthyroidism develop gynecomastia. Addressing these conditions is essential for your health and self-esteem.

Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage both conditions effectively. Dr. Harikiran Chekuri, an esteemed cosmetic and plastic surgeon in Hyderabad, offers specialized care for hyperthyroidism-induced gynecomastia. His extensive experience in managing this condition ensures the best possible outcomes.

Concerned if you might have it? Look out for these signs.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Related Gynecomastia

  • Breast enlargement or tenderness in men (gynecomastia).
  • Swollen or tender thyroid gland.
  • Increased heart rate or palpitations.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Fatigue or muscle weakness.
  • Changes in bowel habits.
  • Heat intolerance and excessive sweating.
  • Nervousness or anxiety.
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Tremors in hands or fingers.

These symptoms can vary in severity and may indicate gynecomastia hyperthyroidism. It’s essential to consult a medical expert for proper evaluation and treatment.

How do doctors confirm it? Learn about the diagnostic process.

Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism Associated Gynecomastia

  • Diagnosis often involves a physical examination conducted by a medical expert. It includes assessing the size and firmness of the breast tissue.
  • It’s crucial to discuss any symptoms, medical history, and medications with your doctor. This ensures an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.
  • Blood tests are often conducted to measure hormone levels. These may include tests for thyroid hormones, such as T3, T4, and TSH, to evaluate thyroid function.
  • Ultrasound may be used to examine the breast tissue and rule out other potential causes.

Types of Gynecomastia Caused by Hyperthyroidism

  • True Gynecomastia:

This type involves the actual growth of glandular breast tissue in men. It is often due to hormonal imbalances, including those associated with hyperthyroidism.

  • Pseudogynecomastia:

Sometimes, hyperthyroidism can cause an increase in fat deposition in the breast area. It may resemble gynecomastia but without the growth of glandular tissue.

  • Mixed Gynecomastia:

This type combines elements of true gynecomastia (glandular tissue growth) and pseudo gynecomastia (fat deposition). It is often seen in cases where hyperthyroidism contributes to hormonal imbalances and increased fat accumulation.

  • Asymmetric Gynecomastia:

Hyperthyroidism-induced gynecomastia can also manifest as asymmetric enlargement of the breasts. In this type, one side of the breast may be more affected than the other due to variations in hormonal effects.

Understanding the specific type of gynecomastia is crucial. It helps develop an appropriate treatment plan based on individual needs and circumstances.

Impact of Hyperthyroidism Related Gynecomastia

  1. Physical Appearance:

Hyperthyroidism may cause weight loss and increased metabolism, leading to a leaner physique. However, gynecomastia can counteract this by causing breast tissue enlargement, affecting body image.

  1. Psychological Well-being:

Due to changes in physical appearance, gynecomastia can lead to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness, and low self-esteem. This can impact social interactions and overall confidence levels.

  1. Quality of Life:

Gynecomastia and hyperthyroidism can negatively impact the quality of life. They can affect daily activities, relationships, and mental health. Symptoms like fatigue, anxiety, and discomfort can interfere with daily functioning.

  1. Social Stigma:

Gynecomastia may subject individuals to social stigma or ridicule. Hence, they may avoid social gatherings due to fear of judgment or embarrassment.

  1. Medical Concerns:

Hyperthyroidism and gynecomastia can have underlying medical implications. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism may lead to cardiovascular issues. Gynecomastia can result from hormonal imbalances or underlying health conditions. Hence, prompt evaluation and management are crucial.

Looking for solutions? Learn about your treatment options.

Can Gynecomastia Caused by Hyperthyroidism Be Treated? If yes, What are the Treatment Options?

Gynecomastia caused by hyperthyroidism can be effectively treated. Treatment options include:

  1. Address the Hyperthyroidism:

The first step is treating the underlying hyperthyroidism. It may involve medications or other interventions to regulate thyroid function.

  1. Medications:

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe non-sugical options such as medications to manage gynecomastia symptoms. These can include hormone therapy or medicines to balance hormonal levels.

  1. Surgical Intervention:

If gynecomastia persists despite treating hyperthyroidism, your doctor may recommend surgery. An experienced plastic surgeon may perform liposuction or mastectomy (removal of breast tissue). These procedures help restore a more masculine chest appearance.

  • Liposuction:

Liposuction is a minimally invasive procedure. It involves removing excess fat from the breast area through small incisions.

  • Mastectomy:

In cases where glandular tissue is the main concern, the plastic surgeon may perform a mastectomy. It involves removing the breast tissue directly.

Both procedures are typically performed under general anesthesia and involve minimal scarring. Recovery time varies from person to person. However, most patients can resume normal activities within a few weeks.

Dr. Harikiran Chekuri specializes in the surgical treatment of gynecomastia caused by hyperthyroidism. Surgical options offer long-lasting results and restore a more masculine chest contour.

Prevention is better than cure. Hereโ€™s how you can prevent it.

How to Prevent Gynecomastia Caused by Hyperthyroidism?

  1. Maintain a balanced diet to support thyroid health and hormone regulation.
  2. Follow your doctor’s advice for managing hyperthyroidism effectively.
  3. Stay physically active with regular exercise to promote overall well-being.
  4. Avoid excessive alcohol consumption. It can contribute to hormonal imbalances.
  5. Discuss any concerns or changes in breast tissue with your healthcare provider promptly.
  6. Consider treatment options such as medications or surgery if gynecomastia becomes a concern.
  7. Stay informed about your condition and treatment options. This will help you make empowered health decisions.


Understanding the connection between hyperthyroidism and gynecomastia is crucial for effective treatment. With expert care and tailored treatment plans from specialists like Dr. Harikiran Chekuri, you can address these concerns and regain your confidence and well-being. Don’t let these conditions hold you back from living your best life.

Take proactive steps towards a healthier you today. Book your consultation now!

Frequently Asked Questions:

Is gynecomastia reversible with hyperthyroidism treatment?

In some cases, treating hyperthyroidism can reduce gynecomastia. However, individual results may vary.

What are the risks of untreated hyperthyroidism and gynecomastia?

Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to serious health complications. Untreated gynecomastia may cause psychological distress and affect quality of life.

How long is the recovery after gynecomastia surgery?

Recovery time varies from patient to patient. Typically, it involves a few weeks of limited activity and wearing a compression garment.

How long does it take to see results from gynecomastia surgery?

Results from gynecomastia surgery can vary. Many patients notice improvements within a few weeks to months after the surgery.

Will gynecomastia come back after surgery?

In most cases, gynecomastia does not return after surgery. Yet, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for long-term results.

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